SUBTOTAL functionReturns a subtotal for a vertical range of cells using a specified aggregation function.
SUBTOTAL(function_code, range1, [range2, …])
function_code – The function to use in subtotal aggregation.
1 is AVERAGE
2 is COUNT
3 is COUNTA
4 is MAX
5 is MIN
6 is PRODUCT
7 is STDEV
8 is STDEVP
9 is SUM
10 is VAR
11 is VARP
Hidden values can be skipped for any of these codes by prepending 10 (to the single-digit codes) or 1 (to the 2-digit codes). e.g. 102 for COUNT while skipping hidden cells, and 110 for VAR while doing so.
range1 – The first range over which to calculate a subtotal.
range2, … – Additional ranges over which to calculate subtotals.
Cells that are hidden due to autofilter criteria are never included in SUBTOTAL, irrespective of the function_code used.
Cells within any of the specified range arguments that contain SUBTOTAL calls are ignored to prevent double-counting.
SUBTOTAL can be used to created dynamic dashboards by having the function code argument refer to another cell. When combined with list-based data validation, this cell can become a drop-down list that instantly updates the entire dashboard.
SUBTOTAL can be used for quick analysis of different subsets of data by building a subtotal dashboard above a filtered region. Each time the filter criteria change, the dashboard will automatically update with new aggregations.
Using SUBTOTAL helps prevent double-counting associated with simple SUM formulas.
VARP: Calculates the variance based on an entire population.
VAR: Calculates the variance based on a sample.
SUM: Returns the sum of a series of numbers and/or cells.
STDEVP: Calculates the standard deviation based on an entire population.
STDEV: The STDEV function calculates the standard deviation based on a sample.
PRODUCT: Returns the result of multiplying a series of numbers together.
MIN: Returns the minimum value in a numeric dataset.
MAX: Returns the maximum value in a numeric dataset.
Returns the number of values in a dataset.
Returns the number of numeric values in a dataset.
AVERAGE: The AVERAGE function returns the numerical average value in a dataset, ignoring text.